Over the years I have come across many homes that have a pentagram somewhere in it. Many new investigators in the paranormal field assume satanic cults or witchcraft. As you will see, the pentacle/pentagram is primarily used for protection from evil spirits. Hopefully this article will shed a little light on the uses of the pentacle and pentagram.
The pentagram and pentacle are usually used interchangeably, but they are two different symbols. The pentagram is a five pointed star with one point up with no circle around it. The pentacle is a five pointed star with one point up with a circle around it. Then there is the inverted pentagram and pentacle. The inverted pentagram and pentacle are the same but with two points up.
The upright pentagrams and pentacles are the most widely used religious symbols. Ancient pagans, ancient Israelites, Christians, magicians, wiccans and others have used it.
The number 5 is a mystical and magical number, yet human. We have five fingers and toes and 5 senses. It is associated with Mars; it signifies severity, conflict and harmony through conflict. In Christianity, it signified the five wounds of Christ on the cross. Muslims have the 5 pillars faith, and the five daily times of prayer. English warrior Sir Gawain adopted the pentagram as his personal symbol. The five knightly virtues- generosity, courtesy, chastity, chivalry, and piety. The Wiccan kiss is fivefold- feet, knees, womb, breasts, lips.
The pentagram is used for protection against evil. Using the five elements four of matter (earth, air, fire water) and the quintessential- spirit.
One example of this is the lesser banishing ritual of the pentagram. This ritual builds protective and positive energy around you and your environment. It can be used to get rid of obsessive thoughts, protects against psychic attacks, protects from lower astral entities, dissipates negative thought forms and seals doors of other dimensions.
Pentagram no circle- active form of outgoing of oneself, prepared for conflict, aware, active.
Pentacle circled pentagram- contains and protects, symbolizes eternity and infinity, the cycles of nature. The circle touching the five points indicates that spirit, earth, air, water and fire are all connected.
Somehow over time the pentacle has become associated with evil, during the 20th century Satanist have adopted the inverted pentacle as their own symbol. The satanic pentacle has two circles around the inverted pentagram and a goat head within it. In contrast with the Wicca inverted pentacle with one circle connecting all the points which represents earth, air, fire, water, and spirit.